In an effort to ensure the safety of emergency responders and maintenance personnel working on Illinois roadways, the state enacted the Move Over Law, commonly known as Scott’s Law. This law requires motorists to change lanes or slow down when approaching emergency vehicles or stationary vehicles with flashing lights. By providing a protective space for these workers, the Move Over Law aims to prevent accidents and injuries on the road. In this article, we will look into the specifics of Illinois’ Move Over Law, discuss its importance in safeguarding emergency and maintenance personnel, and outline the penalties for non-compliance. Understanding and adhering to this law is crucial for promoting road safety and maintaining a responsible driving culture.

History of Scott’s Law

Scott’s Law is named after Lieutenant Scott Gillen of the Chicago Fire Department, who tragically lost his life while responding to a roadside emergency in 2000. This incident highlighted the dangers faced by emergency personnel when working on busy roadways. In response, the Illinois legislature passed Scott’s Law in 2002 to protect emergency responders and promote driver awareness and caution when passing these vehicles.

The Specifics of Illinois’ Move Over Law

Illinois’ Move Over Law requires drivers to take specific actions when approaching emergency or maintenance vehicles on the side of the road with flashing lights. Here are the key provisions of the law:

  1. Lane Change Requirement: When approaching a stationary authorized emergency vehicle, including police cars, fire trucks, and ambulances, with flashing lights engaged, drivers must change lanes to a lane not immediately adjacent to the emergency vehicle if it is safe to do so. This law applies to all roadways with at least two lanes traveling in the same direction.
  2. Reduction in Speed: If changing lanes is not possible or safe due to traffic or other conditions, drivers must reduce their speed and proceed with caution while passing the stationary emergency vehicle. This reduction in speed allows for a safer passing distance and minimizes the risk of accidents or collisions.
  3. Applicable Vehicles: The Move Over Law also applies to other authorized vehicles displaying flashing lights, such as maintenance and construction vehicles, tow trucks, and vehicles providing roadside assistance.

Importance of the Move Over Law

The Move Over Law is of paramount importance in protecting emergency responders and maintenance personnel who work on or near roadways. Here’s why this law is essential:

  1. Ensuring the Safety of Emergency Responders: Emergency personnel often work in high-stress situations, where every second counts. By creating a buffer zone through the lane change requirement or speed reduction, the Move Over Law allows emergency responders to work more safely and focus on their tasks without the added risk of being struck by passing vehicles.
  2. Preventing Accidents and Injuries: When drivers fail to move over or reduce speed, they put themselves, emergency responders, and other motorists at risk. The law’s provisions are designed to minimize the likelihood of accidents and injuries by promoting a safer passing distance and increasing overall awareness of emergency and maintenance vehicles.
  3. Raising Driver Awareness: Scott’s Law serves as a reminder for drivers to be vigilant and aware of their surroundings, especially when encountering emergency or maintenance vehicles with flashing lights. It fosters a sense of responsibility and encourages drivers to make informed decisions that prioritize safety on the road.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

Compliance with the Move Over Law is not only essential for safety but also enforced through penalties for non-compliance. Violating the law can result in significant consequences. Here are the penalties for non-compliance with Scott’s Law:

  1. Fines: The initial fine for violating the Move Over Law in Illinois is a minimum of $250. However, subsequent violations can result in fines of up to $10,000. These fines are intended to deter drivers from disregarding the law and emphasize the seriousness of non-compliance.
  2. License Suspension: In addition to fines, violators may face the suspension of their driver’s license. If a violation of the Move Over Law results in bodily harm or death, the driver’s license can be suspended for a period of up to two years.

Promoting Awareness and Compliance

To promote awareness and compliance with the Move Over Law, various initiatives and campaigns have been launched in Illinois. These efforts aim to educate the public about the importance of the law and encourage responsible driving behavior. Public service announcements, social media campaigns, and community outreach programs help raise awareness of the law’s provisions and consequences.

Tips for Compliance with the Move Over Law

To ensure compliance with the Move Over Law, consider the following tips:

  1. Stay Alert: Maintain attentiveness while driving and be on the lookout for emergency or maintenance vehicles with flashing lights. Pay attention to your surroundings and act promptly when you encounter these vehicles.
  2. Anticipate and Plan Ahead: Leave ample space and time for lane changes when approaching stationary emergency or maintenance vehicles. Signal your intention to change lanes in advance and ensure it is safe to do so.
  3. Reduce Speed Safely: If changing lanes is not possible due to traffic conditions or other factors, reduce your speed while passing the stationary vehicle. Exercise caution, maintain a safe distance, and be prepared to react to any potential hazards.
  4. Spread Awareness: Share information about the Move Over Law with family, friends, and colleagues. Encourage others to follow the law and contribute to a safer driving environment for all.


Illinois’ Move Over Law, or Scott’s Law, plays a critical role in protecting emergency and maintenance personnel working on the state’s roadways. By requiring drivers to change lanes or reduce speed when approaching emergency or maintenance vehicles with flashing lights, this law helps prevent accidents and ensures the safety of those serving the community. Compliance with the Move Over Law is essential, as it not only protects emergency responders but also promotes a culture of responsibility and awareness on the road. By understanding the specifics of the law, its importance, and the penalties for non-compliance, we can contribute to safer roadways and a more conscientious driving culture in Illinois.